Breast cancer is a common type of cancer that starts in the cells of the breast. Many cases are diagnosed in Singapore each year. If not detected early, it can spread to other parts of the body. The disease is caused by abnormal cells growing uncontrollably in breast tissue.
Colon cancer is a frightening word for anyone to hear. For those who have been diagnosed with it, or are at risk for developing it, that fear can be all-consuming. But this type of cancer is relatively common, and can be treated effectively if caught early. Being aware of the risk factors and making lifestyle changes can also reduce the chances of colon cancer. In this post, OncoCare, a leading colon cancer specialist in Singapore discusses what is colon cancer, how to prevent it, the most common spread sites for colon cancer, and treatment methods.
What is invasive lobular cancer (ILC)?
Invasive lobular breast cancer (also called Infiltrating lobular breast carcinoma) is a subtype of breast cancer which arises from the milk-producing lobules which connect to the ducts that carry milk to the nipple. It is the second most common type of invasive breast cancer after infiltrating ductal cancer, and comprises 5-10% of all invasive lesions.
There has been much publicity about using targeted therapy for cancer treatment. What is the first “targeted” therapy for breast cancer?
Because resistance to hormonal therapies can happen in up to a quarter of cases, newer therapeutic strategies have been developed to attempt to overcome this. There are several oral medications such as palbociclib, ribociclib or everolimus which when combined with pre-existing hormonal therapies have improved disease outcomes.
In Singapore, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer for more than 40 years and it is the leading cause of death in cancers affecting women. There are more than 7000 new cases a year (from 2006-2010) and it has been a rising incidence trend. The incidence rises sharply after 30 years old to peak in the 60s. Of the ethnic groups in Singapore, the age-standardised incidence rate is higher for Chinese than for the other ethnic groups.